An Analytical Evaluation of Fiqh and Science Perspective concerning Hajj: Tarwiyah and Arafat

Authors

  • Youla Afifah Azkarrula Department of Postgraduate Islamic Astronomy, Faculty of Sharia and Law Jln Walisongo No 3-5, Semarang, 50185
  • Sartika Sartika Department of Postgraduate Islamic Astronomy, Faculty of Sharia and Law Jln Walisongo No 3-5, Semarang, 50185

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32678/alqalam.v39i1.6098

Keywords:

Date Line; Conjunction; Matlak; Mecca; Time Zone.

Abstract

Hajj is held in the Zulhijjah where there are Tarwiyah days, Arafat days and Nahar days. These three days in a row fall on the eighth, ninth and tenth of Zulhijjah.  These days are very important days for Muslims in performing hajj and the celebration of Eid al-Adha. Therefore, it takes the determination of the beginning of Zulhijjah to determine the fall of the three days, namely Tarwiyah day, Arafat day and Nahar day. But if it turns out that there are problems that underlie the implementation then when is the day of Tarwiyah and Arafat. With a lot of literature, this paper is made to explore, collect, and analyze the existing literature and then draw a conclusion regarding the factors that influence the differences between the fall of Tarwiyah and Arafah days and bring up the solutions given to solve the problem. this. With the debate about when the day of Tarwiyah and Arafah fall, then comes the problem of Tarwiyah and Arafat day where they do not fall together around the world due to differences in the time zones of each region on the earth's surface, differences in the method of determining the beginning of the month, differences in the time of conjunction, the boundary line of the Hijri calendar (month) which is not straight and fluctuates and there are matlak differences. Then this difference can be overcome by creating a unification calendar, following Saudi Arabia, or following the Regional Government.

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Published

2022-06-17